Makampani News

Ubwino woyankhula mawilo ndi kufa-kuponya matayala njinga zamoto

2021-01-18

      Gudumu loyankhula (lomwe pano limatchedwa gudumu loyankhula) linapangidwa ndi Renault mu 1869. Linkagwiritsidwa ntchito panjinga ndipo pambuyo pake linapangidwa kukhala njinga zamoto ndi magalimoto. Ma spokes adapangidwa molawirira kwambiri, ndipo ukadaulo unali wokhwima kwambiri. Ili ndi zabwino izi:

1. Reel koyefishienti, wabwino elasticity, ndi wabwino amadza kukana. Chifukwa mikwingwirima yolumikizana ndi kukhathamira kwakukulu ndikusintha kwakukulu kumalandiridwa pagudumu loyenda motsatira njira yowunikirayi, kusokonekera kwakunja kwa msika kumatha kupukutidwa ndikubalalikana ndikulowererana kwakanthawi kwakanthawi, ndikupangitsa kuti magudumu agwiritsidwe mphindi yakukhudzika yafooka. Magalimoto onse odziwika padziko lonse lapansi othamanga njinga zamoto amagwiritsa ntchito ma reel. Njinga zonse zamzinda wamapiri zimagwiritsanso ntchito ma reel. Tangoganizirani mavuto omwe mumakumana nawo mukakwera njinga yamagalimoto m'misewu yamapiri.
2. Gudumu lama waya ndilolemera mopepuka, ndipo kulimbana kwa mpweya ndikochepa mukamazungulira. Kugwiritsa ntchito mawilo amtundu wamagalimoto ang'onoang'ono osunthika kumatha kuthandiza ophunzira kupititsa patsogolo kuchuluka kwa ntchito / kulemera, kutembenuka kwa chiwonetsero chazambiri, komanso kuthamanga ndi kukwera kwagalimoto zikukhala bwino. Kumbali ya mpikisano, ndi ocheperako kuposa amtundu womwewo.
3. Mtengo wogula / kukonza / m'malo mwa mawilo achitsulo ndizotsika poyerekeza ndi mtundu womwewo, ndipo zowonjezera ndizazitali. Ngati zawonongeka, zinthu zabwino zimapezeka kumadera akutali.


     Mawotchi opangira kufa, omwe amadziwika kuti ma wheel mbale ndi zipilala, ali ndi zabwino zawo zazikulu:

1. Gudumu la mbale lili ndi kukhazikika kwabwino komanso kufulumira kwa makokedwe. Chifukwa cha cholakwikacho, kufalitsa kwa torque kumatsalira kumbuyo kwa gudumu la disc, reel siyoyenera magalimoto othamangitsa akuluakulu okhala ndi torque yayikulu yomweyo, chifukwa chake ndizosowa pagalimoto yopanda disc yamagudumu. Gudumu loboola ngati disc limatha kupilira katundu wambiri, koma ngati zotsatirapo zake ndizazikulu kwambiri, zimayambitsa mapangidwe osasinthika kapena ming'alu (ina yake ndiyobisika komanso yovuta kuipeza). Omwe amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito njinga yamoto yovundikira ngati galimoto yopanda msewu ayenera kumvetsera.
2. Kuchita bwino kwa gudumu lathyathyathya nthawi zambiri kumakhala bwino kuposa momwe zimapangidwira. Malingana ndi momwe nkhunguyo ilili, kukhathamira kwa gudumu la mbale kumatha kuwongoleredwa kwambiri, ndipo gudumu lalingaliro liyenera kuganizira zinthu monga zolakwika zazitali. Chifukwa chake, liwiro lamagudumu likakhala lokwera, gudumu la mbale limakhala lolimba komanso kugwedera komwe kumachitika chifukwa cha mphamvu yokoka kumakhala kochepa, komwe kumathandizanso pagalimoto yothamanga kwambiri. kukhazikika.
3. Ngati gudumu la mbale silingakhudzidwe nthawi yomweyo, limakhala lolimba kwambiri kuposa gudumu lachitsulo, ndipo limakhala losagwirizana ndi dzimbiri komanso losagwira dzimbiri kuposa gudumu lachitsulo.